It is quite common among today for an individual to be suffering from flat feet. You will most likely have a friend that has flat feet.
The two most common causes for flat feet today are:
– sitting all day
– soft supportive shoes
Considering most people sit all day for work and wear supportive arched shoes, how can we tell?
It’s actually quite simple, sitting all day and soft supportive shoes are the cause but they are not the root of the problem. Your hips are the reason.
At first glance you may read this and not think it is possible, however the arch of your foot works a little like a spring helping transfer force.
Now to ask the question, does your foot generate force by itself? The answer is no. Therefore, we have to look further up the chain. Continuing up the chain of the lower body we come to the powerhouse muscles the gluteus maximus and the stability muscle the gluteus Medius.
Ultimately inhibited glutes create the knee to fall inwards creating internal rotation of the tibia and then pronation of the foot (flat feet).
In simple terms, the glutes provide a force that actively flows down the chain, aligning the knee and allowing the big toe to push off and create correct gait.
Why orthotics don’t help most people with flat feet? The answer is rather simple, they do not correct the mechanics at the hip joint.
How do soft supportive shoes make things worse? The foot no longer needs to work like a shock absorbed and allows the arch to soften.
How does sitting all day make my feet worse? The glutes turn off when they are not being used.
What problems can occur with flat feet
– Plantar fasciitis
– Big toe bunion
– Heel spurs
– Lower back, knee and ankle pain
How can we fix this?
– Spend more time in bare feet
– Stand more than you sit
– Strengthen your glutes